Types of Mirrors

Types of Mirrors

Mirrors are reflective surfaces often made of glass and other metals that reflect light from its surface, allowing it to reflect an image in front of it. Although mirrors are commonly used today as an object to look at our reflections with, or as an interior design element, there are several different types of mirrors which have different properties and therefore applications. The production process of each type of mirror differs, along with the materials used, which allows them to exhibit different properties useful for various specific applications. The ‘standard’ mirror is the plane mirror which can be found on any furniture or interior design store such as Mirrors Brisbane and is used as a plain reflective surface. Other types include spherical mirrors which can distort the image, one/two-way mirrors such as those used in interrogation rooms, and silvered mirrors. In addition to this mirrors can be cut and painted as required. This article described several types of mirrors with emphasis on their application, differences, and production process.

Plane Mirrors

Plane mirrors are the standard mirrors used to see one’s reflection and as an interior design element. They are made with glass painted with aluminium or silver amalgam to form the reflective surface. Although the basic functional design is simple, they can be created in any shape and can be designed with framework and other decorative elements. The image created by the plane mirror is identical to the object in terms of proportions but may be laterally inverted. Plane mirrors can be any size and are found in compact mirrors which are no bigger than one’s palm to mirrors as large as a room. They are commonly purchased for use in homes and offices for functional and decorative purposes.

One/Two-Way Mirrors

Mirrors can be manufactured to be partially reflective such that it behaves as a transparent surface when viewed through one side and a plane mirror when viewed through the other. This uses specific properties of light and reflection which allows a well-lit room to be viewed through the mirror without allowing the reverse. They are used in observation decks, laboratories and infamously in interrogation rooms. The production of such mirrors involves the application of a metal alloy on one side of the glass comprising of nickel, tin, silver, or aluminium on one surface. The mirrors themselves are usually large due to the nature of their application but may be produced in any size and can be as small as a compact mirror, although the uses for such sizes are limited.

Spherical Mirrors

Spherical mirrors can be considered a segment of a sphere and can be either concave or convex, depending on how the light is reflected off the mirror. Spherical mirrors distort the image and can make them appear talker or shorter than they actually are. They are famously used in “funhouse mirrors” to distort the images of the viewers for comedic effect. They are also found in more intricate instruments such as telescopes and microscopes due to their magnification properties.


No Comments

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.