Metal Fabrication: What It is and What are the Types?

Metal Fabrication: What It is and What are the Types?

Metal has become of the most important components of our household as well as in working environments from appliances, utensils to furniture and light fixes. Therefore, metal can be considered as the stabilizing element that makes our day-today life easier and more convenient.

Metal fabrication is the process which turns the raw metals into pre-made shapes for assembly use. This process can be complex and varied. Each metal fabrication process may be used to cut, drill, fold and weld the strongest material on earth. So here are the common types of metal fabrication and how they work.

Types of Metal Fabrication

Metal fabrication can be classified mainly into three categories such as commercial, industrial and structural. Industrial metal fabrication involves the making of pieces that are used in other equipment used to create commercial products.

Structural metal fabrication refers to the metal working that is a part of the building process. This type of fabrication mainly involves structural steel fabrication because steel is immensely used a raw material in the construction industry. If you are looking for a good place for the purpose of Metal fabrication or specifically steel fabrication Melbourne would be a good option for you to consider as there are many companies to choose from.


This is the most common type of metal fabrication where sheets of metal are slip into halves, thirds or even smaller sections. Most of the times the freshly made metals are being cut which are yet to be shaped to into something particular. Apart from that cutting is done with regard to the pre-shaped metals. Cuts are being conducted by various high-tech machines such as laser and plasma torches.


Machining is done by rotating the metal against the tools that will trim the corners and edges of the metal to get the desired shape and measurements. Some of the tools in this process includes lathes, mills and drills.


This is one of the more complicated type of metal fabrication which involves manipulating a shape of a metal surface to a certain angle. This is the process which gives a metal product its shape. Folding has to be perform only in the spaces with specific high-tech equipment due to its complexity.


Welding is also one of the most common types of metal fabrication. Process of welding involves the joining of two separate metal parts such as sheets, bars, panels or shapes. This is done by application of heat along the points where the two parts are required to be joined.

Punching and Stamping

Punching involves forming of holes in a piece of metal using a drill while stamping refers to process of lifting a particular portion of a metal sheet without penetrating.


This process refers to the horizontal or vertical cutting of metal sheets that requires long cuts.


Casting is where molten metal is poured into a mould and left to solidify into a specific form. This is one of the oldest and most flexible types of metal fabrication.

Apart from the above types of metal fabrication, there are some other types such as grinding, milling, broaching and honing. However, the process depends on the requirements of a certain application.

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